We’ve put together this simple guide to help you learn more about using wood species to make wood products.
We will look at the most popular tree species and define their different characteristics, as well as the differences between hard and soft tree species.
You will also find information on wood fiber boards (Fibreboard) and how widely they are used in production. We also explain how veneer is used to give a valuable look to the surface of wood products (for MDF, chipboard).
Softwood comes from conifers that have needle-shaped leaves and most are evergreen. Typical coniferous (soft) tree varieties are spruce, pine, cedar, cypress.
Hardwood comes from broad-leaved deciduous trees. Typical hardwoods you will come across are oak, maple, walnut, poplar, mahogany, birch, maple cherry, and so on.
Compared to softwood varieties, hardwood trees grow much more slowly, making them stronger. Hardwood products are likely to last for years. However, not all hardwoods are hard. Poplar and linden are examples of this.
Typically, hardwood varieties are darker in color than softwood varieties.
Hardwoods are more expensive than softwoods, although both are very popular. Hardwood species (oak, chestnut, ash, elm, walnut, beech, chadar, hornbeam, poplar, birch, maple, linden, willow, hornbeam, etc.) are characterized by high technical properties. Coniferous species of wood (pine, spruce, fir, larch, cedar, alder) are characterized by a relatively low volumetric weight. Both types of wood are used in the manufacture of furniture for the manufacture of parts for various purposes and strength.
Beech. Beech is a hard, durable and heavy wood. It has a fine, dense and even texture. Beech wood is light in color and has a high impact resistance. It is a popular wood for furniture production. Beech furniture or other objects made of beech wood create a warm feeling in the room. Thanks to its smooth surface, beech is an excellent wood for polishing.
Oak Oak is a very hardy, heavy and popular tree. Oak is known to have beautiful, light textures. Oak can be purchased in two colors; Gray / Brown White Oak and Red Oak are similar in color, but with a reddish tint.
Pine has a light surface that is ideal for painting. Pine is less durable than other hardwoods such as maple or oak. Pine goes well with other tree varieties, which is ideal if you are looking for furniture to match other furniture in your home.
Mahogany is a precious, hardy tree that ranges in color from medium brown to dark reddish brown, with color gradation depending on the age of the tree. Mahogany is a very traditional, versatile and popular type of tree. Also a common option is to cover the surface of the product with mahogany plywood.
Walnut is a tree known for its hardness, straight lines with a bright chocolate color and light transitional hues. To complement decor, walnut can be a very versatile wood that offers many shades and lines.
Fiberboard is a cheap wood material. Fiberboard is made from soft or hard wood. The wood fibers, separated from the wood pulp, are glued together with resins and glue. One of the most popular fiberboards is fiberboard. Fiberboard is known for its strength, durability and is ideal for the production of furniture products.
Wood fiber tiles (MDF) – fine fraction. very dense and used much more often than people think. In fact, it would come as a surprise to many to know how much MDF furniture is around them. Solid / dense structure MDF furniture is likely to last much longer than expected. Although such furniture is not made from solid wood, it is assembled from pieces of wood, pressed under high pressure. MDF is very popular in Ikea, which is one of the leading furniture retailers. In most cases, MDF furniture is covered on top with a thin layer of precious wood – veneer, which gives it a luxurious look.
Lumber from beetles. It is obtained by pressing crushed wood mixed with a binder. Production is based on the use of wood waste and low-quality wood. It is made of wood chips and beetles, which are connected by hot pressing and resin adhesives. It is very popular in furniture making, especially Ikea furniture. It is made from durable wood and is often used for furniture with panel (veneer) surfaces, in particular for furniture with a flat surface, as well as for other types of products.
Plywood is a very strong and durable wood product. Because it consists of thin layers of wooden lanterns, layers of veneer, which are glued together, forming an even, completely smooth sheet of wood. Thus, plywood is a flat sheet that is mostly obtained by bonding three or more sheets together. OSB (OSB) or Oriented Strand Board – oriented strand multilayer (3-4 or more layers) board – and is made from thin wood chips, bonded with synthetic resin. The transverse direction of the individual layers results in high dimensional stability and excellent mechanical properties.
Veneer is obtained mainly from valuable wood species (beech, oak, walnut, rye, pear, etc.), and sometimes from conifers (larch, pine, etc.). In 1877-1878 a veneer factory was built in Tbilisi. Veneer is a wood material, which is thin sheets of wood with a thickness of 0.1 to 10 mm, which is usually glued to panels (usually wood or fiberboard) in the manufacture of furniture, doors, floors, etc. The word “veneer” comes from the German word späne meaning “wood chips”.